Marketing services go far beyond keyword research and website optimization. It can include everything from brand development, SEO consultation, telemarketing services, email marketing, white papers, publishing and more. A marketing plan doesn't create a path from point A to Point B; it takes a dynamic approach to identifying the influences on your demographic to then create a multi_channel marketing web that is specific to your brand, product or service.
Risk _ in our marketing plan we shouldn't only concern about making money or positive points, we also should address the risk we are taking. for example it is common for a marketing plan to capture things like, "require additional staff to handle sales call", "additional investment from the management budget will increase chances of increasing 10% sales target" and many more. Imagine if you can factor your risk earlier and think through it, wouldn't it be better for you?