SWOT Analysis: the company's strengths and weaknesses and environmental threats and opportunities for the company, this is the basis for defining the marketing objectives and strategies. Objectives: the goals that the company plans to achieve, that can be classified based on their characteristics as quantitative or qualitative. Marketing Strategies: based on the objectives, a marketing strategy is the roadmap to success.
When I ask entrepreneurs and small business owners, it is not unusual for not having any marketing plan. I once read that Sir Richard Branson never had any marketing plan when he started the 1st Virgin business many years ago. In fact in one study of entrepreneurship (I couldn't recall the name of the study) was that as much as 50% of entrepreneurs and business owners don't have a business plan and marketing plan when they first started the business.