Situation Analysis _ This is the current state of your business. It is where the question of why you are in business is answered. What products do you offer? What problem are you trying to solve? Also, how is your business different than others? The situation analysis is a look at the inner_workings of your business to identify product and service offerings, differences, and the main reason why you exist. Business owners can build a firm foundation for their mission and vision statement with this information and are better able to communicate their value to customers.
Risk _ in our marketing plan we shouldn't only concern about making money or positive points, we also should address the risk we are taking. for example it is common for a marketing plan to capture things like, "require additional staff to handle sales call", "additional investment from the management budget will increase chances of increasing 10% sales target" and many more. Imagine if you can factor your risk earlier and think through it, wouldn't it be better for you?