Situation Analysis: this section includes all the market research results with various subsections. It includes an external analysis (macroenvironment and microenvironment analyses) and an internal analysis (with the assistance of various internal matrices such as BCG Matrix and General Electric Matrix).
Generally, companies are broken down into four levels of hierarchy, the corporate, the division, the business unit and the product level. The overall plan of the company is designed at a corporate level. As part of this planning, each resource is allocated to each division of the company. Next, division level planning allocates resources to each business unit of the company. In addition, business unit planning designs a strategic plan for each business area, which determines each of the marketing objectives/goals, strategies and tactics, that have to be consistent with the overall strategic plan.