Situation Analysis: this section includes all the market research results with various subsections. It includes an external analysis (macroenvironment and microenvironment analyses) and an internal analysis (with the assistance of various internal matrices such as BCG Matrix and General Electric Matrix).
Risk _ in our marketing plan we shouldn't only concern about making money or positive points, we also should address the risk we are taking. for example it is common for a marketing plan to capture things like, "require additional staff to handle sales call", "additional investment from the management budget will increase chances of increasing 10% sales target" and many more. Imagine if you can factor your risk earlier and think through it, wouldn't it be better for you?