Risk _ in our marketing plan we shouldn't only concern about making money or positive points, we also should address the risk we are taking. for example it is common for a marketing plan to capture things like, "require additional staff to handle sales call", "additional investment from the management budget will increase chances of increasing 10% sales target" and many more. Imagine if you can factor your risk earlier and think through it, wouldn't it be better for you?
But, before we continue, we must understand and accept that steps of the marketing plan are universal. It is a logical approach of the planning activity, no matter where we apply it. The differences you meet from a plan to another consist in the degree of formality accorded to each phase, depending on the size and nature of the organization involved. For example, a small and not diversified company would adopt less formal procedures, because the managers in these cases have more experience and functional knowledge than the subordinates, and they are able to achieve direct control upon most factors. On the other hand, in a company with diversified activity, it is less likely that top managers have functional information in a higher degree than the subordinate managers. Therefore, the planning process must be formulated to ensure a strict discipline for everyone involved in the decisional chain.